Chain Bridge, Budapest
The first bridge of Budapest which defined the cityscape ever since it was built. The suspension bridge was the first to connect Pest and Buda, and it became a symbol for progression and the Reform Era of Hungary.
In the 19th century public discussion began about the need for a bridge connecting Pest and Buda. Though some have been critical about the idea, István Széchenyi was vocal proponent of the plan and he succeeded in winning public and state approval.
The bridge was designed by William Tierny Clark who previously built similar bridges in England. The construction was lead by the Scottish Adam Clark (a square in Budapest named after him commemorates his work). The bridge was built between 1839 and 1849. The iconic stone lions guarding both sides of the bridge were sculpted by János Marschalkó. In World War II the escaping German army blew up the bridge which was only opened again on the 100th anniversary of its construction.